Focus on Water Use and Management

Water is the most vital of all natural resources for sustenance of life on earth.

There are several reasons why water is a major challenge of governance. First, fresh water is a multi-purpose natural resource the abundance of which is taken for granted in some parts of the world and the lack of which is felt in so many other places. For many years people and their governments have been mainly concerned with the challenges of water quantity: the distribution of available water for irrigation and later for industrial and other uses, the containment of water in arid regions or the protection against water.  Concerns for water quality, also a distributional challenge is of much more recent origin.

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As the the world’s largest meeting around water,The 6th Water Forum, Marseilles has opened its doors on 12 March 2012  (it last until 17 March), we are bringing this issue to the forefront again!

News about the “Water” theme :

6th Water Forum

  • Every three years since 1997, the World Water Forum mobilises creativity, innovation, competence and know-how in favour of water. It gathers all stakeholders around today’s local, regional and global issues that cannot be undertaken without all stakeholders into a common framework of goals and concrete targets to reach.The goal of the 6th World Water Forum is to tackle the challenges our world is facing and to bring water high on all political agendas. There will be no sustainable development while the water issues remain unsolved. Everywhere on the planet, for all and everyone, the Right to Water (recognized by 189 states at the UN one year ago) must be guaranteed and implemented.

UNHabitat

 

  • Urban World: Waiting for a solution Volume 4 issue 4 December 2011 Urban World (Series title) – How the Gates Foundation is leading the campaign for better sanitation, Singapore’s model strategy for water conservation, New report reveals UN sanitation target will not be reached, and One musician’s quest to bring clean water to the slums.
  • Community Managed Sewerage Scheme in Gwalior – Individual Health and hygiene is largely dependent on adequate availability of drinking water and proper sanitation. There is, therefore, a direct relationship between water, sanitation and health. Consumption of unsafe drinking water, improper disposal of human excreta, improper environmental sanitation and lack of personal and food hygiene have been major causes of many diseases in developing countries. India is no exception to this. Prevailing high infant mortality rate is also largely attributed to poor sanitation.

United Nations Millenium Development Goal

    • “(The) Millennium Development Goals Report 2011” United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA). July 2011 The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Report, an annual assessment of regional progress towards the Goals, reflects the most comprehensive, up-to-date data compiled by over 25 UN and international agencies. The Report shows that although significant strides have been made, reaching all the MDGs by 2015 remains challenging because progress has failed to reach the most vulnerable. An estimated 1.1 billion people in urban areas and 723 million people in rural areas gained access to an improved drinking water source over the period 1990-2008 but, at the same time, advances in sanitation often bypass the poor and those living in rural areas. More than 2.6 billion people still lack access to toilets or other forms of improved sanitation; and where progress has occurred, it has largely skipped the poor. In Southern Asia, for instance, sanitation coverage for the poorest 40 per cent of households has hardly increased between 1995 and 2008.

 

The World Bank Water Partnership Programme

News

  • Making People Care: How National Geographic Did It for Water -Water is central to human and economic development but it is not always easy to communicate this message convincingly to the world.  How do we get people to care about water? What are the right messages and how do we make them relevant to people’s lives? As part of the SDN Forum 2012, the Water Partnership Program invited the Executive Editor of the National Geographic to talk to staff about his experience in putting together the 2010 Special Issue on Water.
  • Helping Fragile Environments Deliver Water and Sanitation Services – About 1.5 billion people live in fragile environments around the world. Civil conflict that lasts over five years costs an average developing country roughly 30 years of GDP growth.
  • In Kenya, Citizens Track Water Problems – Serene and elegant in her cream blouse and dark skirt, Elizabeth Nyangesa seems out of place among the corrugated metal shacks and litter strewn dirt roads of Nairobi’s Mathare North slum.
  • Using Satellite Imagery to Develop Land and Water Resources – Between 2001 and 2009, the Karnataka Watershed Development Project, known locally as Sujala, used cutting-edge technology to plan, prioritize, monitor and assess interventions over half a million hectares of land in seven predominantly rain-fed districts in Karnataka.

Publications

  • STRATEGIE NATIONALE D’ASSAINISSEMENT LIQUIDE AU CAMEROUN – Ce rapport a été préparé grâce à un financement du Fonds fiduciaire du Programme « Partenariat sur l’Eau » administré par la Banque mondiale. Ce rapport présente un diagnostic des aspects techniques institutionnels et financiers et forme la base analytique pour la Stratégie Nationale d’Assainissement Liquide. La Stratégie Nationale d’Assainissement même est disponible dans un volume séparé. Liquide Ce diagnostique et les propositions principales de la Stratégie ont été validées au cours de deux ateliers nationaux en octobre 2010 et janvier 2011
  • STRATEGIE NATIONALE D’ASSAINISSEMENT LIQUIDE – En 2010, on estimait qu’un tiers de la population totale du Cameroun évaluée à 20 millions d’habitants avait accès à une installation d’assainissement améliorée et plus de la moitié à une installation traditionnelle rudimentaire. Les faibles taux de couverture en installation d`assainissement, le rejet des boues et effluents directement dans le milieu naturel engendrent une situation sanitaire préoccupante. L’OMS estime que les mauvaises conditions d’alimentation en eau, assainissement et hygiène sont à l’origine de 13,4% des maladies au Cameroun.
  • Financing Small Piped Water Systems in Kenya – The Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) initiated a pilot program in 2006 to finance investments in community-managed piped water systems in central Kenya. A number of valuable lessons learned from the pilot are useful in the scale-up phase and to other projects using a similar approach to finance small water systems. Below is a report, presentation and related videos on the lessons
  • TURNING LATIN AMERICA’S WATER UTILITIES GREEN: LESSONS FROM SPAIN –  From June 13 to June 17, 2011 a delegation from the Administración de las Obras Sanitarias del Estado (National Water Supply and Sanitation Company of Uruguay, or OSE) and the LCSUW Unit at the World Bank traveled to Spain to observe how Spanish water and sanitation utilities are responding to climate change. The trip was planned as part of the preparatory stage of a project to build OSE’s capacity to respond to climate change.
  • Climate Variability and Change: A Basin Scale Indicator Approach to Understanding the Risk to Water Resources Development and Management –  Wondering how climate change may affect the watershed or area where your project is? Being asked for advise on the new government policy to expand irrigation? Not sure where to start? The World Bank Water Anchor and a team from Colorado State / MIT have developed a tool to get you started. It is on http://sdwebx.worldbank.org/climateportal/ and described in this publication

 

World Health Organisation

  • 4th edition of the World Health Organization’s Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality – This 4th edition of the World Health Organization’s Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality builds on over 50 years of guidance by WHO on drinking-water quality, which has formed an authoritative basis for the setting of national regulations and standards for water safety in support of public health. The Guidelines are addressed primarily to water and health regulators, policymakers and their advisors, to assist in the development of national standards. This edition of the Guidelines further develops concepts, approaches and information introduced in previous editions. It considers: drinking-water safety, including minimum procedures and specific guideline values and how these are intended to be used; approaches used in deriving the Guidelines, including guideline values; microbial hazards, which continue to be the primary concern in both developing and developed countries; climate change, which results in changing water temperature and rainfall patterns, severe and prolonged drought or increased flooding, and its implications for water quality and water scarcity, recognizing the importance of managing these impacts as part of water management strategies; chemical contaminants in drinking-water, including information on chemicals not considered previously, such as pesticides used for vector control in drinking water; revisions of existing chemical fact sheets, taking account of new scientific information; those key chemicals responsible for large-scale health effects through drinking water exposure, including arsenic, fluoride, lead, nitrate, selenium and uranium, providing guidance on identifying local priorities and on management; the important roles of many different stakeholders in ensuring drinking-water safety; guidance in situations other than traditional community supplies or managed utilities, such as rainwater harvesting and other non-piped supplies or dual piped systems.
  • Pharmaceuticals in drinking-water – This technical report aims to provide practical guidance and recommendations in managing concerns over pharmaceuticals in drinking-water, taking into consideration the available scientific knowledge and evidence. It emphasizes the importance to prioritize this emerging issue in the overall context of water safety management, which includes microbial and other chemical risks that may threaten the safety of drinking-water. This report focuses primarily on reviewing the risks to human health associated with exposure to trace concentrations of pharmaceuticals in drinking-water. It does not discuss the potential impacts on aquatic ecosystems or the broader physical environment.