PA News: 06/01/2016

Transparency

Should Asia play by Western rules?Should Asia play by Western rules?

Discussion about good governance is dominated by Western thought. Perhaps it’s time for Asian countries to define and defend their own particular governance styles, Asit K Biswas and Kris Hartley write. “How can you govern a country which has 246 varieties of cheese?” lamented French President Charles de Gaulle. India, with 22 official languages (and over 1,000 mother tongues), faces a similar puzzle. Of all places to run a democratic experiment, exceptionally diverse India seems the unlikeliest; its democracy is messy and graft is persistent. However, India has recently earned Asia’s top ranking for data openness. What does this say about government transparency elsewhere in Asia, and about the universal application of Western ideals and metrics? This is the age of rankings; many are developed by scholars at Western institutions, universities, and think-tanks. In addition to Washington Consensus neoliberalism (Western in its own right), there is an underlying liberal-populist orientation in what many indices measure – corruption, democracy, social justice, economic equality, and transparency. Predictably, countries with non-Western economic and institutional histories fare poorly in such indices, prompting commentators to relentlessly lecture policymakers about better governance. The Global Open Data Index 2014 is yet another opportunity to do so. […]

Innovation

European Union: Commission further simplifies public procurement across the EU

The new European Single Procurement Document (ESPD) adopted today by the European Commission reduces considerably the administrative burden for companies, in particular small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), who want to have a fair chance at winning a public contract. The ESPD will replace the current system which may differ drastically among Member States. While some countries have already introduced some form of a self-declarationof suitability, others require all interested parties to provide full documentary evidence of their suitability, financial status and abilities. The ESPD will allow all businesses to electronically self-declare that they meet the necessary regulatory criteria or commercial capability requirements, and only the winning company will need to submit all the documentation proving that it qualifies for the contract. To facilitate its use, a free, web-based system is being developed for Member States and businesses. As Member States can postpone the obligation to exclusively use electronic means of communication until 18 October 2018, the ESPD may be printed, filled in manually, scanned and sent electronically until then. […]

Governance

Should Asia play by Western rules?CAFRAD : The Role of Responsible Public Governance in Strengthening and Consolidating the Rule of Law in Africa

CAFRAD held the 11th Panafrican Forum in Marrakech.

The programme, papers and report are available on the CAFRAD website.

Papers hail from Cameroon, Benin, Morocco and Nigeria.

Should Asia play by Western rules?In China, Role of Gov’t and Needs of Market Economy Still Clash

Unless a modern system for civil service is built, efforts to continue reform and opening up will continue to face obstacles

The Chinese government has been playing the role of administrator of public affairs under market economy conditions for about a decade, and its governance ability is still developing.

A modern system of public administration relies on civil servants with modern management ideas. Since the reforms of the late 1970s, civil servants’ professional skills and educational backgrounds have improved significantly. But at the same time, many still lack an understanding of the core values of public administration. For instance, some government employees lack a respect for the rights of individuals and tend to use public power to intervene in private matters. Others have little understanding of the spirit of a contract, so they refuse the take responsibility for the unfinished work of their predecessors.

Reforms

Should Asia play by Western rules?“The 13th Five-Year Plan: Decisive Stage in Finishing Building A Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects and Think Tank Missions” Seminar and Hot Issue Overall Studies on China’s Reform and Development (2016) book launch held in Beijing

On December 24, 2015, China Society Of Administrative Reform (CSOAR) and the Commercial Press co-sponsored “The 13th Five-Year Plan: Decisive Stage in Finishing Building A Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects and Think Tank Missions” Seminar and Hot Issue Studies on China’s Reform and Development (2016) book launch at the Chinese Academy of Governance. Wei Liqun, president of CSOAR, attended the meeting and made a concluding speech. Chen Xiaowen, deputy editor of the Commercial Press, addressed the seminar. Two main authors of the book, Liu Qingsong, Party Secretary and director-general of Henan Regulatory Bureau of China Securities Regulatory Commission, and Feng Qiaobin, professor of Economics Teaching and Research Department, made an introduction to the book respectively. The seminar was chaired by Wang Manchuan, Secretary-General of CSOAR.

AAPAM : Event Calendar

THE 37TH AAPAM ANNUAL ROUNDTABLE CONFERENCE Monday, February 29 to Friday, March 4, 2016
 The theme of the conference is

“Transforming Public Administration and Management (PAM) in Africa”

Multi-level Governance

Should Asia play by Western rules?Public Governance Expert: There’s Little that National Government Can Still Do

“National governance should be more open and more honest about what they can and cannot deliver, they should give more realistic expectations to the citizens”, says Caspar van den Berg of Leiden University (the Netherlands). The US policies and multi-level governance expert is convinced that it is time now to realise that we are all bound to the EU legislation, to the international economic situation and other types of limitations.

At Kaunas University of Technology (KTU) Caspar van den Berg read lectures for students, encouraging them to take interest in the decisions taken at European level, the local level and so forth, because that have an impact on their daily life. According to him, the democratic duties of citizens are to pay more attention on their own responsibilities.

Performance

Canada : The “Usability” of Evaluation Reports: A Precursor to Evaluation Use in Government Organizations

Abstract

Background: According to the Treasury Board of Canada’s Policy on Evaluation (2009), evaluations produced by federal government departments must contribute to decision-making at an organizational level (mainly summative) as well as a program level (mainly formative). Previous research shows that although the formative objectives of evaluation are generally reached, the use of evaluation for broader, budgetary management is limited. However, little research has been conducted thus far on this issue.

Purpose: This study investigates the extent to which program evaluation is used in the Canadian federal government for budgetary management purposes.

Administration in Times of Crisis

Algeria : The administration “constrained” to adapt to the economical climate

ALGIERS The Minister of the Interior and Local Communities Noureddine Bedoui said Monday in Algiers thatPublic Administration, at the local level in particular, “is now constrained” to adapt to the current economic climate.

“The particular Algerian Public administration, at the local level in particular, is now forced to adapt to the current economic situation, which has prompted the government and the ministry to define new strategic directions to boost the local economy through the enhancement of community resources local called to address the challenges inherent in the development of the revitalization of wealth creation mechanisms and encouraging local investment, “said Mr Bedoui who chaired the  installation ceremony of Saihi Mr. Abdelhak as Director General of the National School of Administration (ENA) “Moulay Ahmed Mederghi”.

Public Finances

OECD Policy Brief : Brazil

Brazil has made significant progress in building a reputation for sound fiscal policy since it passed the Fiscal Responsibility Law in 2000. In recent years, however, the fiscal situation has become more difficult as public spending and gross debt have risen.

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