PA News: 19/01/2016

Sustainable Governance

Foresight Africa 2016: Public perceptions of human development priorities in AfricaForesight Africa 2016: Public perceptions of human development priorities in Africa

Each year, the various authors in Foresight Africa identify what they believe will be the top priorities for Africa in the upcoming year. In recent years the Brookings Africa Growth Initiative team has looked to be more inclusive not only of experts on the continent, but the citizens there too. For example, this and last year we have opened an online poll to ask the public what you believe Africa’s top priority should be. But our poll is much less comprehensive than the recent 2015 Pew Research Center poll surveying the perspectives of people across nine African countries (Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda) on what they believe should be the development priorities for their respective countries . While responses varied widely both within and across countries , as we feature in Foresight Africa 2016, there still was some broad, continent-wide consensus on the importance of certain issues (see Figure 1 below). Health care, education, and employment opportunities are top concerns The […]

Public Policies

Foresight Africa 2016: Public perceptions of human development priorities in AfricaLatin America: 8th International Symposium on Public Policy, organized by the Grupo Políticas Públicas Comparadas ALACIP (VII Coloquio Internacional sobre Políticas Públicas, organizado por el Grupo Políticas Públicas Comparadas ALACIP)

Studies of public policy is an interdisciplinary field increasingly important for Political Science for Social Science in general, but also for some disciplines of Natural Scince, reporting and nourishing the public decision making on many issues when governments intervene in our time.

Innovation

Spain: Study and Methodological Guide on Smart Cities

The aim of the study is to propose a model of Smart City, from which the initial state of the Spanish municipalities in the area Smart can be analyzed. In addition, it offers municipalities a number of tools to ensure its transformation into a Smart City

The Smart City model has been defined according to the main public and private actors involved and is based on six areas of activity, which is subdivided into 29 sub-areas, and that cover 69 municipal services. In addition, we have defined a total of 345 indicators measuring the degree of development of intelligent services.

Korea: The Korean Public Procurement Service – Innovating for Effectiveness

This report on the Public Procurement Service of Korea examines the effectiveness of its system, identifying good practices that can inspire reform efforts in other countries. In particular, the report highlights the efficiency gains achieved by implementation of a comprehensive e-procurement system and the savings generated by an integrated support for government-wide contracts. It also looks at how Korea is adopting a strategic and multi-dimensional approach to using public procurement in the support of small businesses and other social objectives. In identifying possible improvements to Korea’s system, recommendations include a more centralised look at workforce training and development issues and additional features for Korea’s e-procurement system, as well as a review of existing certification and preference programs.

Migration

Australia: The Experiences and Perceptions of Refugees of Local Government Services and Support, Focusing on African Refugees.

“The Australian Centre of Excellence for Local Government is a unique collaboration of universities and professional bodies committed to the advancement of local government. The Centre’s vision is:

Drawing on extensive interview data, this report outlines the challenges facing African refugees, examines what services are provided by local government and NGOs for refugees, and considers what the gaps are.

Download report: The Experiences and Perceptions of Refugees of Local Government Services and Support, Focusing on African Refugees.

Public-Private Partnership

booksBrazil: IDB in Brazil presents an overview of instruments to support public-private projects

Publication brings up possibilities for Bank support in public-private alliances in several sectors

The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) launches the publication Sector Contributions to the Promotion of Public-Private Alliances for Development, which synthesizes the modalities of support offered by the IDB departments, either through specific assistance or financial instruments, for projects that include alliances between the public and private sectors, the so called PPADs.

The Bank recognizes the role of PPADs to overcome the challenges of development in Latin America and the Caribbean as an alternative to increase investments in infrastructure and to modernize government performance in the provision of services, with fiscal sustainability.

However, the typical complexity of PPADs demands a multisector and interdisciplinary approach so that the various thematic axes and intervention strategies can converge to integrated programs that enable the implementation of public policies by this new means of acting.

Reforms

Foresight Africa 2016: Public perceptions of human development priorities in AfricaCultural Dimension of Administrative Reform in Africa

Most countries were engaged in a process of major administrative and institutional reforms. Some, inspired by international organizations in the late 1980s and others from the so-called democratic reforms, during which, all countries of the continent adopted the model of pluralist democracy. Since then, many changes have occurred taking with them important changes. At the same time, we felt that African countries were open to what was called modernity, the articulation of difficulties of this ‘modernity’ with the constraints of the reality of African States in their relations with themselves and with the rest of the world, suggesting break lines or fragmentation. […]

The Future of GCC Labour Market Reform: Towards a Multi-Disciplinary, Sustainable, Evidence-Based and Practical Understanding

Without doubt, the dominating factor moving forward is the unprecedented demographic growth forecast for the region. According to the World Bank (2014) “the dynamics of demography in the Arab Region have created some of the most intense pressures on labour markets observed anywhere in the post-World War II period.” At a time when most other populations in the world are in decline, the Arab world’s population is expected to double by 2050 (UNDP 2010). A significant majority of the population is of working age, as a result of high fertility and immigration rates in the region. This ‘youth bulge’ has resulted in the most rapid growth of young people as a proportion of the region’s population in recorded human history.

Performance

Foresight Africa 2016: Public perceptions of human development priorities in AfricaUSA: Driving Decisions: From Measurement to Management

The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of ASPA as an organization.

The “data wave” has gained much attention as organizations understand its importance in making carefully planned decisions. Often the problem researchers have is identifying the right type of data and analytics to support local projects. Overall, there is not a shortage of data. But isolating data that can inform effective decision-making on a specific project can be challenging. Distilling the right data and research within the right set of circumstances, conditions and context is critical.

Foresight Africa 2016: Public perceptions of human development priorities in AfricaSenegal: Public Administration Facing the Results-based Management: The need to build a culture of evaluation (L’administration publique face à la gestion axée sur les résultats : De la nécessité d’instaurer une culture de l’évaluation)

In January 2017, Senegal will apply Directive No. 06-2009-CM WAEMU of 26 June 2009 on the harmonized framework for public finance in member countries.

It is in this perspective that His Excellency the President of the Republic Macky Sall has instructed his government, at the last Council of Ministers, to prepare the Master Plan for Modernisation of Public Administration (SDMAP) that takes into account the common harmonized framework oriented towards public management by results.

Indeed in the 2009 directive, WAEMU aims to establish a result of budget instead of the average budget that has been in force in member countries. This shift from regulation by law to regulation by the results will mean the application of tools and techniques for performance-based management through the implementation of program budgets and improving the quality of service provided to users.

Human Ressources

France: Statistical Review of the body of civil administrators on 31/12/2013 (Bilan statistique du corps des administrateurs civils au 31/12/2013) 

This panorama gives a vision which aims to be the most comprehensive of the body of civil administrators on the origin of its members, their age, gender and grade and the functions they perform. It is compiled from data submitted by the administrations of civil administrators employers. In addition, for the first time, it provides a comparison between the data of 2009 and 2013.

Politization and Public Services

Greece: Tsipras Opposes ‘Depoliticization’ of Public Administration

In his greeting speech today at an event held for the 30-year anniversary of the operation of the National Center of Public Administration, PM Alexis Tsipras acknowledged that the nation’s public administration system is a “very ill patient.”

This, of course, is a well known fact to all, and a key reason for a broad variety of the country’s ills as it is well documented in scholarly research that inefficiency and corruption have profound effects on economic and political development.

Corruption reflects a general disease of body politics and can be defined as public exploitation and abuse of public office for private gain.

As a political phenomenon, corruption exists in all societies, but it is usually confined in the activities of certain organizations and individuals. In countries like Greece, however, corruption extends to every aspect of society as one of the masterful strokes of the political elite of the country has been to create a “system of exchange” in which everyone can “benefit” by taking part in it.