PA News: 03/02/2016

Water Management

USA : Problems in Flint, Detroit show rift over emergency managers

The City of Flint Water Plant is illuminated by moonlight on January 23, 2016 in Flint, Michigan. DETROIT — Darnell Earley didn’t come up with the plan to channel corrosive river water into Flint’s old lead-lined water pipes, causing a health emergency. And he certainly can’t be blamed for the Detroit school system’s decaying facilities and wrecked finances, which have prompted teacher boycotts this month. But the 64-year-old budget expert was in charge of Flint’s city government and the Detroit schools at key points in their recent turmoil, and that has made him a focal point of anger about Gov. Rick Snyder’s use of “emergency managers” to temporarily run public entities in Michigan that are hopelessly in debt. Play Video Health clinics overwhelmed by lead testing in Flint Earley, who had a 40-year career in public administration in Michigan, was one of seven outside controllers appointed in the last five years to fix foundering cities or school districts, and he was clearly one of Snyder’s go-to guys, getting two of the toughest cases in Flint and the Detroit schools. In October 2013, he took over control of Flint, a majority black city of 100,000 north of Detroit where more […]

Problems in Flint, Detroit show rift over emergency managersLatin America moves towards a comprehensive management of water

Latin America has better water and sanitation conditions than 20 years ago, but it must improve the provision to reach the universalization of these services

In past years, Latin America has significantly improved its water and sanitation systems. A majority of its citizens has access to safe and stable basic services.

In any case, the objective in coming years will be to move toward a comprehensive management of the water resource to improve the quality and security of its supply for the most vulnerable populations.

Corruption

Corruption Perceptions Index 2015

Based on expert opinion, the Corruption Perceptions Index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption worldwide.

Dark red indicates a highly corrupt public sector. Lighter red and orange countries fare a bit better, but corruption among public institutions and employees is still common. Yellow countries are perceived as cleaner, but not perfect.

Not one single country, anywhere in the world, is corruption-free.

Public Budget and Finance

Tunisia : La révolution budgétaire de la Tunisie : de l’opacité à la transparence totale

En réponse à un appel pour plus de transparence et un meilleur accès à l’information, le Ministère des Finances tunisien a lancé, en collaboration avec la Banque mondiale, un nouveau portail afin de faciliter l’accès de tous les citoyens aux dépenses publiques. « Mizaniatouna » ou « notre budget » est un point d’accès unique à toute l’information financière depuis 2008. Le portail, disponible en français et en arabe, comprend données et éléments graphiques et permet à la population d’avoir accès à toutes les dépenses publiques.

Regulation

Top-Down Self-Organization: State Logics, Substitutional Delegation, and Private Governance in Russia

This study investigates the counterintuitive emergence of self-regulation in the Russian construction sector. Despite its proclivity for centralizing political authority, the government acted as the catalyst for the delegation of regulatory powers to private industry groups. The article argues that a factor little considered in extant literature—namely, a weak and corrupt bureaucracy—is key to explaining why the normally control-oriented executive branch began to promote private governance despite industry’s preference for continued state regulation. The article’s signal contribution is to theoretically explain and empirically demonstrate how a government’s prior inability to establish intrastate control over an ineffective and bribable public bureaucracy creates incentives for political authorities to search for alternative means for policy implementation outside of existing state agencies. These findings are important for understanding the impetus and logic behind particular regulatory shifts in countries where the state apparatus is both deficient and corrupt.

Gender Equality

Latin America : Without Gender Equality, Gender Equality Cannot Be Achieved  (Sin igualdad de género no se alcanzará el desarrollo sostenible)

With gender equality and the active participation of women in all spheres of society, it is possible to fulfill the commitments made at the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on climate change, the governmental authorities agreed on Tuesday January 26, during the gathering at the headquarters of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) in Santiago, Chile.

The Fifty-third meeting of the Presiding Officers of the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean  was opened by Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile, Alejandrina Germán, Minister for Women of the Dominican Republic in her capacity as Chairperson of the Regional Conference and Antonio Prado, Deputy Executive Secretary of the CEPAL.

Click here to view original web page at www.cepal.org (in Spanish)

Reforms

EU Delegation commends Georgia for its public administration reforms

Georgia is a leading country in the region for its effective implementation of public administration reforms, said the European Union (EU) Delegation to Georgia.

The EU Delegation to Georgia assessed Georgia’s reforms at today’s ‘Civil Service Reform: Development and Implementation of Civil Service Legislation’ conference, which took place in Georgia’s capital Tbilisi.

The conference was opened by the Government of Georgia’s deputy director Nino Kobakhidze, head of the EU Delegation to Georgia Janos Herman and the United Nation’s (UN) Resident Coordinator in Georgia Niels Scott.

Public Services Perception

Problems in Flint, Detroit show rift over emergency managersFrance : The French ready to sacrifice public services to pay less in taxes (Les Français prêts à sacrifier les services publics pour payer moins d’impôts)

According to a surevy published by “Les Echos”, the majoirty of the French people have a negative opinion of the services provided by the state.

The French want mostly to lower the costs of the tax burden and see no objection to the State cutting some services. 61% of the population is said to favor lower taxes and levies, “even if that means reducing benefits provided by public services.” The figure comes from a barometer TNS Sofres Institut Delouvrier unveiled Monday, February 1 by Les Échos.

The result of this survey remains well above the 47% observed when the same survey was conducted in November 2012. However, there is a downward trend over the last consultation, conducted in 2014, where 65% of the French were said to be in favor of a tax cut rather than better public services.

Behavioral Public Administration

Virtual Issue: Behavioral Public Administration

For public administration scholars, psychological theories and methods can be extremely helpful, especially when studying attitudes or behaviors of (groups of) citizens, public professionals, or public managers. Behavioral public administration explicitly connects public administration and psychology.

For this Virtual Issue, we analyzed the articles of JPART from its inception (1991) to the current day (2015). We find that around 10% of the articles in JPART made a substantial use of psychology. The trend also seems to indicate a recent increase of this type of articles. We highlight eight of these articles in particular. These eight articles are excellent examples of the potential added value of psychological insights to key public administration questions. We hope that this Virtual Issue inspires scholars and practitioners to deepen the dialogue between public administration and psychology.

Introduction Virtual Issue Exclusive
Lars G. Tummers, Asmus Leth Olsen, Sebastian Jilke, Stephan G. Grimmelikhuijsen