PA News: 17/06/2016

 Modernisation and Reforms

Video: Large movements of refugees and migrants12th Pan-African Forum on the modernisation of public administration and state institutions (12ème Forum Panafricain sur la modernisation de l’administration publique et des institutions de l’Etat)

The work of the 12th forum of the modernisation of public administration on the cultural dimension of responsible public governance, were held in Tangiers from 30 May – 1 June 2016. For its part, the meeting focused on the cultural dimension of responsible public governance, reflecting the contribution of Africa to the reflection around public governance and the promotion of African identity.

The Forum brought together participants from the following member countries: South Africa, Algeria, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Comoros, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco , Niger, Nigeria, Central African Republic, DR Congo, Senegal, Sudan, Chad, Tunisia, Togo, Zimbabwe and non-member countries including Lesotho and Oman as well as the following institutions: APOC, the Guinean Association of Political Science, BJ International Consulting (Rabat), HEC-Paris, ISA (Rabat), ISESCO (Rabat), OECD (Paris), OFPA (Cotonou), Krypto-Mania (Tanger), UNESCO (Rabat), Union for the Mediterranean ( Barcelona), IIAS (Brussels); U.M.A. – (Rabat) and the University of Applied Sciences (Kehl – Germany).

UNDP Indonesia and University of Indonesia Hold Joint-Discussion on Justice Reforms

The panel discussion based on UNDP Regional Bureau for Asia and the Pacific (RBAP) report A Transparent and Accountable Judiciary to Deliver Justice for All focused on corruption and featured speakers from the university, UNDP and Jentera Law school.

UNDP Indonesia Country Director Christophe Bahuet pointed out that a corrupt judicial system is a major impediment for access to justice, erodes citizen’s faith in democratic governance and negatively affects economic growth and investments.

“Judicial corruption affects the poorest and most marginalized communities, because they are far less likely to pay bribes and do not have access to influential networks,” said Mr. Bahuet, who concluded “money justice is no justice”.

New report looks at whether the UK’s reform experience can help improve government effectiveness across the world

Politicians from around the world frequently look to the UK for help and expertise to design and implement their own government reforms, often encouraged by global figures such as Michael Barber and Tony Blair. But reform is a messy business that takes decades, and too many efforts by the development community to help improve government effectiveness have limited impact.

A new report, ‘Improving government effectiveness around the world’, looks at why these efforts so often struggle and makes the case for a different approach that learns from successful reforms. It draws on the experience of the UK Government’s National School of Government International (NSGI) and research by the independent think-tank the Institute for Government (IfG) and others.

The report finds frequent failure of projects that mimic UK reforms has two causes:

  1. The projects fail to build trust or create local ownership
  2. Project managers often lack the essential practitioner understanding of the original reform

Projects for Areas in Crisis

UNDP partners with a Canadian non-profit institution to advance Iraq’s crises management ability

Baghdad – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Canadian non-profit Institute on Governance (IoG) signed a partnership agreement in Baghdad that aims at advancing Iraq’s crises management ability. Accordingly, UNDP will support IoG to implement Fiscal Federalism, Decentralization and Resilience Building Project, a joint effort to help Iraq to become a stable, federal democracy with sustainable economic growth.

UNDP Acting Country Director, Mr. Sultan Hajiyev, underscored: “Advocating for reforms and resilience building in Iraq, UNDP values this new partnership. Together with IoG, we will help to strengthen the country’s institutional capabilities and contribute to a more efficient, responsive, transparent and accountable public administration system at the national and subnational levels.”

Video: Large movements of refugees and migrants

Iraq Fiscal Decentralisation and Resiliency-Building Project for Global Affairs Canada

The IOG is continuing its work with the Governments of Iraq and Kurdistan with a three-year project on Fiscal Decentralisation and Resiliency-Building upon receiving $7.8 million in funding from Global Affairs Canada (GAC).

The Fiscal Decentralisation and Resiliency-Building project started in the fall of 2015. The IOG has begun working with the Federal Government of Iraq (GOI), the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and the provinces to adapt the best practices, relationships, and institutions of federal states to help transition the country from a highly centralized form of government to a federal parliamentary democracy. IOG staff have offices in Baghdad and Erbil, and local staff have been hired to assist with research, needs assessments, and project management. Iraqi study missions to Canada will expose Iraqi and Kurdistan government officials to the roles and responsibilities of elected and senior officials in a federal Parliamentary democracy. This work with GAC will carry on through to December 15, 2018.

Meet Ms. Metije Ademi and Adelina Sopi, two of the 170 Kosovo licensed mediators, who benefited from a Mediation Training provided by UNDP

“The training provided us the opportunity to learn from each-other, work together in groups, exchange experiences and provide feedback to one another”, Ms Ademi, one of the licensed mediators explained. “I found the training very useful since I learned about the mediation procedures in dealing with cases initiated by the citizens (known as self-referred cases). I have only been dealing with cases referred from courts and prosecution offices so far. Therefore, the knowledge gained from the training provided me the skills to help the citizens resolve their disputes in an efficient and effective way”, Ms Ademi concluded.

Click here to view original web page at www.ks.undp.org

New Call for Proposals: Grant Initiative to Strengthen Cooperation with Civil Society Organizations in Conflict Mitigation

Initiative carried out with funding by the European Union

Deadline for receipt of Concept Notes: 3 July 2016, h. 23.59 (CET time)

In line with UNICRI mandate, this Call for Proposals aims at reinforcing partnership and cooperation with civil society organizations and non-state actors in the North Africa region, supporting them in delivering innovative projects and disseminate lessons learned and good practices for conflict mitigation.

In particular, the main objectives of this Grants programme are:

  • Strengthen the capacity of civil society and non-state actors to deliver innovative actions aimed at conflict mitigation in the Maghreb region;
  • Strengthen the capacity of media to contribute to a responsible and pluralistic media environment;
  • Support innovative projects in the field of conflict mitigation and disseminate lessons learned and best practices.

Click here to view original web page at www.unicri.it

Migration
Video: Large movements of refugees and migrants

Video: Large movements of refugees and migrants

The large forced displacement of populations is now a global crisis that requires a collective effort by the international community, led by world leaders. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is calling on everyone to work together to define a clear path forward guided by international refugee law, human rights and humanitarian law.
Record-breaking numbers of refugees and migrants are moving across international borders, fleeing conflict, persecution, poverty and other life-threatening situations, or responding to labor and skill shortages and demographic changes and seeking better opportunities elsewhere. Their journeys can be fraught with peril; appalling tales of tragedies feature daily in the headlines. Those that make it to a destination are frequently met with hostility and intolerance. Those host communities making an effort to provide relief are often unprepared and overburdened by the sheer numbers arriving. Responsibilities are not well distributed: a small number of countries and host communities host disproportionate numbers of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants.

This website provides us with the following sections:
• News about the last developments in the management of this crisis;
• Responses at the Global level : Secretary-General’s Report and Series of Events at the global level
• Information about the different summits
• Resources – In this section we will keep you up to date with the latest official documents, information from our partners, as well as content you can download and share.

Open Government

Video: Large movements of refugees and migrants

PGO Action Plan : a first “open Ministry” event on June 21, 2016 (Plan d’action PGO : un premier événement « Ministère ouvert » le 21 juin 2016)

In July 2015, France has published, as a member of the PGO, its first National Action Plan for a transparent and collaborative public policy for the period 2015-2017. Co-built with civil society, it has 26 commitments made by 10 ministries to advance the principles of open government.

According to the operation of the Partnership, a first progress report, submitted to public consultation, will be released after one year. The following year, in July 2017, the independent rapporteurs appointed by the Partnership, will publish a comprehensive overview of the development and implementation of the plan. The detail of collaborative monitoring mechanism of the action plan (timetable for the development of the self-evaluation report, online consultation, proposed tools …) will be the subject of a future blog post.

Public finances

The state budget in 2015: results and management (Le budget de l’Etat en 2015 : résultats et gestion)

The Court of Auditors publishes its report on the state budget in 2015, made pursuant to section 58 of the Organic Law on finance laws, notably on the basis of 63 ratings of budget implementation. The implementation of the state budget in 2015 is characterized by an improvement in the budget balance, which nevertheless remains at a high level. Revenues were close to forecasts. Expenditure control in 2015 is incomplete and its results remain fragile. The conditions for sustainable control of government spending does not yet exist.

Local Governance

Local and regional leaders to debate radicalisation, the steel industry and waste management in Europe

#CoRplenary , Brussels, 15-16 June 2016. Winners of the European Entrepreneurial Region Award 2017

Counter-radicalisation, the steel industry and waste management are among the topics of debate during the European Committee of the Regions’ (CoR) plenary session on 15-16 June. Local and regional politicians from across the EU will also adopt “opinions” on Europe’s demographic challenge and the revision of the EU’s budget for 2014-2020. During the two-day discussions in Brussels, the winners of the European Entrepreneurial Regions Award 2017 will also be announced.

Video: Large movements of refugees and migrants

Let’s turn the citizen into the protagonist of cities (Convirtamos al ciudadano en el protagonista de las ciudades)

Every day about 180,000 people (equivalent to more than two packed Maracana stadiums) are moving into urban centers. Thanks to its broad appeal and the multitude of life opportunities that they generate, cities have become the favorite of more than half of mankind’s habitat.

And the situation in Latin America, if possible, is even more pronounced: four out of five Latin Americans live in cities, and it is estimated that by 2050 it will amount to 90% of citizens. Of those who currently live in urban areas, between 25% and 50% are in poor conditions, living in slums, favelas, or shantytowns.

Sustainable Governance

Better Policies for 2030: An OECD Action Plan on the Sustainable Development Goals

The world has seen significant advances in human development since the turn of the century. Extreme poverty has been halved, youth literacy has reached a record high, and child mortality continues to decline. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) supported an unparalleled mobilisation effort.
Despite these achievements and many others, significant challenges remain. More needs to be done to eradicate poverty in all its forms, and to deliver on the unfinished business of the MDGs.

The OECD has a long history of engagement with major United Nations (UN) processes on human development and well-being, financing for development, environmental sustainability and climate change. It has contributed to shaping the 2030 Agenda, and is committed to leveraging its capacity and expertise to support the achievement of this vision.

Effiency

Thoughts about Efficiency (Part II)

The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of ASPA as an organization.

This is a continuation of last month’s column, in which I argued that efficiency should be the primary value in public administration, as Woodrow Wilson indicated more than 100 years ago. I am referring primarily to the implementation side of government, not the political or policymaking side. However, efficiency is somewhat important on the policymaking side as well. This paper from the Congressional Research Service documents when cost-benefit or other analysis is required in the federal rulemaking process.

Efficiency is crucial to just about any human endeavor. Recently, a service technician discussed the efficiency of my heat pump with me.

Using country procurement systems in China and Vietnam to improve efficiency, transparency and competitionVideo: Large movements of refugees and migrants

Procurement is an essential aspect of World Bank operations and international development projects worldwide. The World Bank’s policy on procurement encourages the use of country systems in procurement implementation process while ensuring the consistency with the Bank’s regulations .

Making procurement information publicly available promotes openness and transparency and creates a level playing field for bidders. This, in turn, fosters competition and potentially decreases corruption risks.