Mexico has developed an ambitious national open data policy to create value from the use and re-use of government data by the public, private and social sectors. Open government data (OGD) has the potential to spur the digital economy, as well as contribute to more efficient public service delivery and greater public engagement. Mexico has demonstrated its commitment to OGD through its close involvement in international open data initiatives. However, it faces challenges in effectively implementing OGD domestically in a way that makes a greater impact on the economy and society. This would require, notably, institutionalizing open data, understanding the demand for government data, reaching out to potential users and working more closely with local governments. To fully realize the potential of open data, it is crucial that public bodies understand the benefits, are fully behind the project and actively participate in its implementation. This report provides an analysis of Mexico’s policies as well as recommendations for achieving its national objectives and making the most of OGD.
World Bank Supports Kosovo’s Digital Economy Program
The World Bank and the Ministry of Economic Development of Kosovo organized a joint two-day event National Conference on Kosovo Digital Economy (KODE) Program on June 21-22, 2016. It convened several ministries, telecommunications and information technology (IT) companies, industry associations, and academia.
This event is part of the ongoing World Bank’s support to the Government of Kosovo in defining its Kosovo Digital Economy (KODE) Program. KODE is a priority measure for 2016-2018 under the Government’s Kosovo Economic Reform Program. The KODE Program will position Kosovo to realize sustainable economic growth and job creation through the wider use of broadband internet infrastructure and the development of globally competitive digital businesses and digital skills.
Kosovo’s economy has seen largely inclusive growth in the past few years. Now, the opportunity exists to build a more competitive economy that will be productive and create more jobs, especially in rural communities and for women, where labor force participation is among the lowest in the region. The KODE Program aims to build the infrastructure, skills, and job-creating businesses that will lead to higher value exports and foster the inclusion especially of rural inhabitants and women into the global digital economy.
The conference included discussions on developing the Internet infrastructure across the country and identifying priority regulations and actions to improve poor broadband connectivity in rural areas, per the Government’s broadband policy targets for 2020.
Fiscal Federalism 2016 surveys recent trends and policies in intergovernmental fiscal relations and sub-central government. Accessible and easy-to read chapters provide insight: into growing spending and tax devolution; the fiscal constitutions of federal countries; how immovable property taxation is regaining its former significance; on the true spending power of sub central governments; on the mix between own tax resources and intergovernmental grants; and on the role of fiscal rules and good budget frameworks for sustainable debt management at the state and local level.
Law & PA: Harmonization
Chinese gov’t to invalidate outdated documents to boost efficiency
BEIJING, June 15 (Xinhua) — China’s State Council announced Wednesday that it will invalidate hundreds of outdated documents to tackle conflicts between policy and regulations or between previous and present policy documents, in a bid to further improve administration efficiency.
The decision was made at the State Council’s executive meeting on Wednesday, which was chaired by Premier Li Keqiang.
“Our goal, by invalidating these outdated documents, is to get rid of outdated regulations that hinder market potential, entrepreneurial spirit and innovation,” said Li.
Governance & VET
Providing social partners with platforms for participation will improve the quality of VET, the skills of VET graduates and overall VET governance.
The involvement of social partners is central to good multilevel governance of vocational education and training (VET). Social partners tend to be closer to needs of local enterprises and VET students. Equipping them with the right capacity, resources and opportunities for dialogue provides them with the potential to shape VET policy and provision so that it meets the needs of the employers and students alike.
This was the key message from an ETF expert workshop taking place in Turin.
Leadership Skills for the Complex Adaptive Organization
The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of ASPA as an organization.
The March 25 edition of PA TIMES Online included an article titled “Adaptive Organizations.” This article proposed that public administration is facing economic, social and political headwinds that require public organizations to be radically transformed from the traditional hierarchical system. To complement the “hierarchy,” decentralized “tree” organizations must be utilized to tackle complex problems that cannot be successfully addressed by one organization or within one organization unit. A “tree’ organization will invert the traditional organizational pyramid and be noted by initiative, flexibility, collaboration and delegation of authority.
Ethics of public management. National and international strategies of corruption prevention (L’éthique de la gestion publique. Stratégies nationales et internationales de prévention de la corruption)
Marcel Guenoun et Jean-François Adrian (dir.)
Postface de Marylise Lebranchu
L’éthique est, indubitablement, la pierre angulaire de l’action publique. Son enracinement dans la conscience et la pratique des agents publics conditionne le respect et la confiance que les citoyens accordent à leur administration.
Quels que soient le niveau d’instruction et de développement des peuples ou leur culture administrative et politique, l’exigence d’une gestion publique rigoureuse, soucieuse du bon usage de l’impôt et de l’intérêt général, se répand dans le monde en accompagnement de la globalisation de l’information et de la transparence accrue qu’elle implique.
C’est ainsi que l’éthique, en tant que concept, tend à se diffuser et à être plus fortement visible dans les agendas politiques. Mais sa mise en œuvre au quotidien demeure difficile. La conciliation entre bonnes intentions, cadre législatif et pratique effective est au centre du présent ouvrage, issu des 12e Rencontres internationales de la gestion publique. Il confronte les résultats de recherches scientifiques sur la nature, les causes et les techniques d’éradication de la corruption, et les témoignages de praticiens issus d’administrations d’État et d’organisations internationales sur les stratégies globales et sectorielles de prévention et de lutte contre ce fléau. Une attention particulière est portée aux marchés publics, qui constituent autant une source de difficultés qu’un élément de solution.
Understanding Generational Differences: Millennials’ View of Ethics
The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of ASPA as an organization.
All organizations, public and private, must take steps to safe-guard assets, produce reliable financial reports, promote effective and efficient operations and ensure compliance with laws, rules and regulations. Management is charged with creating an appropriate control environment to achieve those objectives. That environment should incorporate a comprehensive system of internal controls that includes a code of conduct communicating the organizations standards for ethical behavior. The challenge facing today’s leadership is how best to develop the appropriate control environment given the diversity that exists in today’s workforce. To better understand this issue, two recent articles are examined addressing the differences in generational ethics.
Rutgers PA School First to Receive Int’l Accreditation
The School of Public Affairs and Administration (SPAA) at Rutgers University-Newark was recently awarded full international accreditation from The International Commission on Accreditation of Public Administration Education and Training Programs (ICAPA). ICAPA is responsible for developing and initiating procedures for the international accreditation of public administration education and training programs. The accreditation covers SPAA’s doctoral, master of public administration and certificate programs.
SPAA underwent a rigorous process, which included self-study reports and an on-site visit with university leadership, faculty, administration, program staff, students and alumni. During the visit, a team of five international experts in public administration evaluated adherence to standards in a variety of areas, with emphasis on academic requirements. Following its visit, ICAPA determined that SPAA should be granted full accreditation, making it the first school in the United States to earn this honor.
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development welcomes the new Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) Certification Programme developed by APMG International, a global examination institute. The certification programme has been developed to establish good practices across the globe for professionals working on PPPs.
Responding to the need to enhance knowledge around PPPs, the APMG PPP Certification Programme is an innovation and a collaboration between the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB), the Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF) and the World Bank Group (WBG). The programme is part funded by the Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF).
Authored by many of the world’s top PPP experts with contributions from the Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs), the PPP Certification Programme Guide is at the core of the APMG PPP Certification Programme. The PPP Guide is the definitive body of knowledge on PPPs, compiling a range of quality materials on PPP good practices – it can be used to support study for the APMG PPP Certification Programme or as a stand-alone downloadable publication on PPPs.
Public procurement reform in France: the deadline 2018 approaches
A project of the National plan for the dematerialization of public procurement was submitted for public consultation July 22nd, 2015. Summarized in 10 propositions, it was well accepted by a majority of more than 100 contributors who issues 400 advice notes. They reported the existence of strong expectations for structural decisions on the highest level which would allow the stakeholders to start the process of dematerialization.
The reform project will be launched on July 22nd 2016 by creating a task force with a mission to elaborate the optimal measures for the dematerialization of public procurement in 2018, based on the initial propositions submitted to public debate in July 2015.
Public procurement dematerialization plan July 2015 : http://www.economie.gouv.fr/files/files/directions_services/daj/marches_publics/actualites/plan-national-dematerialisation-marches-publics.pdf
Sustainability & Environmental Governance
International Environmental Governance – I 16 | UNITAR
Multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) are the predominant legal method for addressing transboundary environmental problems. Nowadays States, particularly least developed countries and developing countries, face the challenge of implementing over 300 MEAs with limited technical, financial and human resource capabilities. Several countries need to develop their capacities for the better implementation of environmental obligations at the national level in order to ensure adequate application and compliance of MEAs.
The overall goal of this course is to provide participants with a comprehensive knowledge of the role of the main actors involved in the development of international environmental law who formulate policy instruments and negotiate and conclude MEAs. This knowledge is necessary to identify the shortcomings of the current international environmental governance regime.
The course is composed of four interactive modules.
Module 1: General Introduction
Module 2: Elements of IEG
Module 3: Regional Environmental Governance
Module 4: Reform of IEG
Sustainable Development & Employability
Promoting Job Rich and Sustainable Growth in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
Almaty 23 June 2016 – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), together with the International Labour Organization (ILO), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and the Government of Finland, today launched a conference on Employment, Trade, and Sustainable Development in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
The participants of the forum include government, private sector, and civil society representatives from the 5 countries, together with UNDP, ILO, and EBRD staff as well as other national and international partners.
All the countries represented at the conference are facing challenges of diversifying their economies and generating decent jobs. They have seen that economic growth which relies overly on one or two exports – or on remittances – is vulnerable to shocks, and is not resilient. While employment levels are relatively high in the region, many people work in jobs that are low-wage, informal, and insecure. Many face high risks of poverty and exclusion – of being “left behind”. Likewise, in line with the climate change commitments made by all of the countries at Paris COP 21 last December, the countries of the sub-region need to ensure that growth and job creation are compatible with environmental sustainability.
Inclusive Growth & Development
Director of FGV Projetos and President of BID debate at OECD Forum
On June 1, Cesar Cunha Campos, director of FGV Projetos, took part in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development’s (OECD) Forum, in Paris. The event, held annually by the organization, brings together leaders from governments and international organizations, representatives from academia, the media and civil society from more than 80 countries. The event aims to expose diverse points of view and discuss the most urgent global political, social and economic challenges from around the globe. This year the OECD Forum chose the topic of “Productive Economies, Inclusive Societies” as its major theme, having launched a new regional program that incorporated Latin America and the Caribbean as its central focus.
What does it mean to be a refugee? – Benedetta Berti and Evelien Borgman
To learn more about global forced displacement, a good place to start is the website of the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR). This includes plenty of information and resources; including a basic explanation of the Refugee Convention and an annual report on patterns of forced displacement. The website also looks at individual stories, trying to match the statistical data with more personal accounts of displacement.
To further investigate the challenges faced by those who seek to begin a journey from war to safety, the missing migrants project looks broadly at those—both migrants and refugees—who have died along migratory routes (both at land and at sea). For more detailed information, you can read this report by the International Organization for Migration.
Country Profile: the Republic of Korea
The Korea Institute of Public Administration(KIPA), a government‐affiliated national research and development institute within the jurisdiction of the Prime Ministerial Office, has embarked on a publishing project with the aim of identifying the key policies that were implemented by the past governments of the Republic of Korea as well as the background of each policy initiative and its execution. The endeavor materialized in the form of Key Policies and Administration of the Governments of the Republic of Korea, an eight‐volume book that deals with the related issues comprehensively.
The project of compiling and publishing the Korean edition, which had been planned and implemented since the latter part of 2013 with the participation of 80 scholars from the Korea Institute of Public Administration and other institutions, covers the development of the key policy initiatives and administration of the past governments of the Republic of Korea, from the Syngman Rhee administration to the Lee Myung Bak administration, from an objective and comprehensive perspective. The key sub-topics were selected by the Korea Institute of Public Administration, but the direction and contents of each selected subtopic were left to the discretion of each writer.
Government at a Glance: How Korea Compares
This report provides a series of indicators on Korea’s policymaking practices and government performance compared to those of other OECD countries and of the G7 countries.