Country Profile: Kingdom of Belgium

NATIONAL

GOVERNEMENT

Federal government : www.belgium.be
ADMINISTRATION Federal personel portal : www.fedweb.be
The portal is primarily for staff members of staff of the federal administration.

PARLIAMENT

Federal Parliament : bi-cameral: www.lachambre.be ; www.senate.be
Flemish Parliament: www.vlaamsparlement.be
Parliament of the French Community/Brussels-Wallonia Federation : www.pcf.be
Brussels Parliament: www.parlbru.irisnet.be
Parliament of the German-speaking Community : www.dgparlament.be

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Belgium is a federal constitutionnal monarchy consisting of municipalities (Gemeenten/Communes/Gemeinden), Provinces (Provincies/Provinces/Provinzen), Regions (Gewesten/Régions/Regionen) and Communities (Gemeenschappen/Communautés/Gemeinschaften).
ADMINISTRATIVE
DIVISIONS
LEVEL 1
There is no hierarchical relationship between the federal government, communities and regions: it is a question of competence. Competence areas are related to territory, those communities are more related to the individual and those of the federal government are the competences that are not explicitly assigned to the regions by the constitution.

Community level: three communities (Flemish, French – Wallonia-Brussels Federation –  German-speaking). The parliament of the community is the legislative body. The parliament also controls the government of and the community votes on the budget. The government of the community is the executive body. It is composed of ministers appointed by the Parliament. The government has power of right of legislative initiative. The Minister-President of the Government is appointed by the Parliament. He/she is responsible for the coordination of the community policies and directs the government. Note: the Flemish community and region “Flanders” merged. Flanders has a single government and parliament responsible for both the community and regional issues.

 

Regional level: 3 regions (Brussels, Flanders, Wallonia). The regional parliament is the legislative body. Its members are elected by direct universal suffrage. The Parliament passes decrees (laws), approves the budget and monitors the regional government. The regional government is the executive branch. It is composed of regional ministers elected by the Parliament. It is responsible for implementing the decisions of the regional parliament. It also has a right of legislative initiative. The Minister-President of the Government is appointed by Parliament from among its members. He/she is responsible for the coordination of regional policies and leads the government.

 

ADMINISTRATIVE
DIVISIONS
LEVEL 2
10 provinces: The provincial council is the legislative body of the province. It is composed of councilors elected by universal suffrage. The provincial government provides permanent representation and has legislative powers, executive and judicial. It is responsible for the daily administration of the province. The governor of the province is the Commissioner of the Federal, regional and community Governments (public order, civil security, contingency planning) Note: Brussels is not part of any province, and the “Brussels-Capital Region” has special competence normally attributed to the provinces and regions.

 

ADMINISTRATIVE
DIVISIONS
LEVEL 3

589 municipalities (communes): The communal council is elected by direct universal suffrage. It is the legislative power of the municipality. The College of Mayor and Aldermen includes the mayor, aldermen’s (deputies) and the Chairman of the Public Centre for Social Welfare (CPAS). This executive body implements the decisions taken by the Council and is responsible for the daily management of the municipality. The mayor (mayor) chairs the College of Mayor and Aldermen and the council.
In Flanders and Brussels, he/she is appointed for six years by the regional government on the recommendation of the municipal council. In Wallonia, the mayor is elected directly by the people and appointed by the Regional Government. He/she is a member of the council, responsible for the administration of the municipality and the local police chief.

ASSOCIATIONS OF
TERRITORIAL
COMMUNITIES

  • Association of the Flemish Provinces – Vereniging van de Vlaamse Provincies :  www.vlaamseprovincies.be
  • Association of the Walloon Provinces – Association des Provinces wallonnes: www.apw.be
  • Union of Belgian cities and communes – Contact : fed@uvcb-vbsg.be ; Web : www.uvcb-vbsg.be
  • Association of Flemish Cities and Municipalities – Vereniging van Vlaamse Steden en Gemeenten: www.vvsg.be
  • Union of Cities and Municipalities of Wallonia – Union des Villes et Communes de Wallonie: www.uvcw.be
  • AVCB-VSGB – Association of the City and Municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region : www.avcb-vsgb.be

UNIVERSITIES

RESEARCH CENTRES

ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCES
JOURNALS

ADMINISTRATION PUBLIQUE – Revue de Droit Public et des Sciences Administratives : Rédaction :
Président : Michel Leroy ; Rédacteur en chef : Tangui Vandenput ; Scrétaire de Rédaction : Michel Kaiser ; Retrouver les contacts / lien mort
Language: French ; Publisher: BRUYLANT: www.bruylant.be; Pour publier un article : xl@xirius.beBURGER, BESTUUR EN BELEID : http://www.burgerbestuurbeleid.be/templates/home.aspx
Language: Dutch ; Publisher: Uitgeverij Vanden Broele – Contact : uitgeverij@vandenbroele.bePYRAMIDES – Revue du Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches en Administration Publique : www.cerap.be ; Language: French ; Contact : cerap@ulb.ac.be

VLAAMS TIJDSCHRIFT VOOR OVERHEIDSMANAGEMENT :
http://soc.kuleuven.be/io/ned/publicaties/detail/iovtom.htm
Language: Dutch ; Publisher: Die Keure – Contact : die.keure@pophost.eunet.be

REVUE INTERNATIONALE DES SCIENCES ADMINISTRATIVES (RISA-IRAS) : www.iias-iisa.org
Language: French ; Publisher: International Institute of Administrative Sciences – Contact : info@iias-iisa.org

ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCES
ASSOCIATIONS

  • International Association of Schools and Institutes of Administration – IASIA : www.iias-iisa.org/iasia ; Contact : info@iias-iisa.org
  • International Institute of Administrative Sciences (IIAS) : www.iias-iisa.org ; Contact : info@iias-iisa.org
  • Vlaamse Vereniging voor Bestuur en Beleid (VVBB) – Flemish Association for Management and Policy : www.vvbb.be

CONTACT MEMBER STATE

Sandra SCHILLEMANS – Director General (IFA)

CONTACT NATIONAL SECTION

Belgian Training Institute of the Federal Administration : www.fedweb.belgium.be/fr/formation_et_developpement/IFA/

CONTACT IASIA

CONTACT EGPA