Country Profile: Republic of Korea

South Korea NATIONAL

GOVERNEMENT

Office of the President: http://english.president.go.kr/main.php
ADMINISTRATION

PARLIAMENT

The National Assembly of the Republic of Korea: It s a unicameral legislature; it consists of a single large assembly. Most of its 299 members are elected from single-member constituencies; however, 56 are elected through proportional representation. The members of the National Assembly serve for four years. – korea.na.go.kr/index.jsp

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

South Korea is a unitary state divded into 8 provinces (do), 1 special autonomous province (teukbyeol jachido), 6 metropolitan cities (gwangyeoksi), and 1 special city (teukbyeolsi). These are further subdivided into a variety of smaller entities, including cities (si), counties (gun), districts (gu), towns (eup), townships (myeon), neighborhoods (dong) and villages (ri)
ADMINISTRATIVE
DIVISIONS
LEVEL 1
Provincial-level subdivision:Provinces Provinces are head by a governor elected every four year

  1. Gyeonggi-do
  2. Gangwon-do
  3. Chungcheongbuk-do
  4. Chungcheongnam-do
  5. Jeollabuk-do
  6. Jeollanam-do
  7. Gyeongsangbuk-do
  8. Gyeongsangnam-do

Special self-governing province (Teukbyeoljachi-do a)

Cities

In South Korean special city and metropolitan cities, the Mayor is the highest-ranking official in charge. The Mayor is directly elected by the people registered in the city for a duration of four years.

Special city (Teukbyeolsi a)


Metropolitan cities (Gwangyeoksi a)

Special self-governing City

 

ADMINISTRATIVE
DIVISIONS
LEVEL 2
Si (City): A si is one of the divisions of a province, along with gun. Cities have a population of at least 150,000; once a county (gun) attains that population, it becomes a city (Gijang county in Busan is an exception). Cities with a population of over 500,000 (such as Suwon, Cheongju, and Jeonju) are divided into districts (gu); Gimhae, Hwaseong and Namyangju are noticeable exceptions to this rule. Gus are then further divided into neighborhoods (dong); cities with a population of less than 500,000 do not have wards – these cities are directly divided into neighborhoods (dong).Gun (County): A gun is one of the divisions of a province (along with si), and of the metropolitan cities of Busan, Daegu, Incheon and Ulsan (along with gu). A gun has a population of less than 150,000 (more than that would make it a city orsi), is less densely populated than a gu, and is more rural in character than either of the other 2 divisions. Gun are comparable to British non-metropolitan districts. Counties are divided into towns (eup) and districts (myeon).Gu (District): A gu is equivalent to district in the West. Most cities are divided into gus, though the metropolitan cities of Busan, Daegu, Incheon and Ulsan contain guns as well. Gus are similar to boroughs in some Western countries, and agu office handles many of the functions that would be handled by the city in other jurisdictions. Gus are divided into neighborhoods (dong).

ADMINISTRATIVE
DIVISIONS
LEVEL 3

Eup (Town): An eup is similar to the unit of town. Along with myeon, an eup is one of the divisions of a county (gun), and of some cities (si) with a population of less than 500,000. The main town or towns in a county—or the secondary town or towns within a city’s territory—are designated as eups. Towns are subdivided into villages (ri). In order to form an eup, the minimum population required is 20,000.Myeon (Township): A myeon is one of the divisions – along with eup – of a county (gun) and some cities (si) of fewer than 500,000 population. Myeons have smaller populations than eups and represent the rural areas of a county or city. Myeons are subdivided into villages (ri). The minimum population limit is 6,000.Dong (Neighborhood): A dong is the primary division of districts (gu), and of those cities (si) which are not divided into districts. The dong is the smallest level of urban government to have its own office and staff. In some cases, a single legal dong is divided into several administrative dong. Administrativedongs are usually distinguished from one another by number (as in the case of Myeongjang 1-dong and Myeongjang 2-dong). In such cases, each administrative dong has its own office and staff.

The primary division of a dong is the tong, but divisions at this level and below are seldom used in daily life. Some populous dong are subdivided into ga , which are not a separate level of government, but only exist for use in addresses. Many major thoroughfares in Seoul, Suwon, and other cities are also subdivided into ga.

Ri (Village): A ri is the only division of towns (eup) and districts (myeon). The ri is the smallest level of rural government to contain any significant number of people.

ASSOCIATIONS OF
TERRITORIAL
COMMUNITIES

UNIVERSITIES

INTITUTES OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION & RESEARCH CENTRES

ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCES
JOURNALS

ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCES
ASSOCIATIONS

Korean Association for Public Administration – www.kapa21.or.kr/english

CONTACT IIAS

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